The Ajuran Empire was a mighty somali empire that existed from the 13th to the 17th century AD, and dominated the spice trade at the time. The Ajuran Sultanate governed over huge pieces of the Horn of Africa between the thirteenth and late seventeenth hundreds of years. Through a solid concentrated organization and a forceful military position toward trespassers, it effectively opposed an Oromo invasion (a progression of developments in the sixteenth and seventeenth hundreds of years by the Oromo individuals from parts of Kenya and Somalia to Ethiopia) from the west and a Portuguese incursion from the east during the Gaal Madow and the Ajuran-Portuguese wars.
Exchanging courses dating from the antiquated and early middle age times of Somali oceanic venture were fortified or restored, and unfamiliar exchange and trade in the seaside areas thrived, with ships cruising to and coming from numerous realms and domains in East Asia, South Asia, Europe, the Near East, North Africa, and East Africa.
Not a lot of information is actually available about this great empire, as its people passed on their traditions by word of mouth, so all that follows may be induction, and might be off base. Each old stone structure in Somalia is credited to the Ajurans, and every tribe professes to have been the ones who pulverized them. A district of present day Somalia known as the Ogaden, that was managed by the Garen Kingdom. The leaders of this realm were unfamiliar to the locale, said to come from the Berber coast and say their descent is from “the saint Balad”. It was this plummet that they guaranteed their sovereignty, with their ruler taking the title of Imam, a title all the more generally connected with the head of love as opposed to the state.
As a hyrdraulic empire, the Ajuran controlled the water assets of the Shebelle and Jubba waterways. It also built a considerable lot of the limestone wells and storages of the empire that still being used even today. The rulers grew new frameworks for agribusiness and tax assessment, which continued to be utilized in pieces of the Horn of Africa as late as the nineteenth century. The oppressive standard of the later Ajuran rulers made numerous uprisings break out in the sultanate, and toward the finish of the seventeenth century the Ajuran state crumbled into a few successor realms and states, the most conspicuous being the Geledi Sultanate.
The Ajuran Sultanate left a broad architectural inheritance, being one of the major medieval Somali forces occupied with castle and fortress structure. A significant number of the destroyed strongholds spotting the scenes of southern Somalia today are ascribed to the Ajuran Sultanate’s engineers. During the Ajuran time frame, numerous locales and individuals in the southern piece of the Horn of Africa converted to Islam on account of the religious idea of the government. The royal family, the House of Garen, extended its regions and set up its authoritative guideline through a capable mix of fighting, exchange linkages, and collusions.